Rabbi Chaim Tyrer of Czernowitz is buried in Safed Israel, there are
descendants of his alive in Israel today with the last name Tyrer. Here are
some resources about him, his works Beer Mayim Chaim on the Torah, Sidduro
Shel Shabbat on Sabbath and Shaar HaTefillah a treatise on prayer as well as
a commentary Eretz haChaim on Talmud tractate Berachoth are in print and
studied by chassidim and others worldwise till this very day.
Free pdf editions of his entire works can be downloaded here:
http://hebrewbooks.org/36242 - Warsaw edition of Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/31498 - Mogilev edition Vol 1 Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/31499 - Mogilev edition Vol 2 Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/31500 - Mogilev edition Vol 3 Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/31501 - Mogilev edition Vol 4 Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/31502 - Mogilev edition Vol 5 Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/19111 - Chumash with Beer Mayim Chaim
http://hebrewbooks.org/38147 Lemberg edition of Sidduro Shel Shabbos
http://hebrewbooks.org/24944 Mogilev edition of Sidduro Shel Shabbat Vol 1
http://hebrewbooks.org/24945 Mogilev edition of Sidduro Shel Sabbath Vol 2
http://hebrewbooks.org/21137 - Czernowitz edition of Eretz haChaim
Here is an article about him from
with photos of his burial cave in Safed
"Without Shabbat, what is life, other than an unrelenting, pressured,
struggle? The Shabbos is so important, that the sages say if all the Jews
would observe just two Shabboses, the Redemption would come." -- Rabbi Chaim
Tirar of Tchernovitz (1760 -- 1817).
Rabbi Chaim's love of the Sabbath was so extraordinary that on the
red-arrowed-marker pointing to his gravesite in Tsfat's famous ancient
cemetery, he is referred not only by his most famous work -- the Be'er Mayim
Chayim, a deep commentary on the Chumash, but by another illustrious work,
Siduro Shel Shabbat, which provides much inspiration and understanding of
the holy Seventh Day.
It wasn't easy to turn Rabbi Chaim down when he explained both the beauty
and importance of keeping Shabbos. In fact, it wasn't easy for a Jew in the
northern Moldovian city of Tchernovitz during the late 19th century, to turn
down any request made by Rabbi Chaim.
Brilliance in Torah, warmth of Chasidus and a big dose of personal charisma
helped Rabbi Chaim Tirar -- "the Tchernovitzer" -- influence both peasant
and nobility during the 18 years he served as the Jewish community's first
head rabbi.. During that time he waged a fierce battle against the
registration of Jewish children in German public schools, as was demanded by
the ruling Austrian emperor.
Rabbi Chaim was a leading disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch and of Rabbi
Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov. Over the years, he developed many disciples of
his own, and some of them also traveled with him to Tsfat and are buried
alongside him. Only some are mentioned by name (see story #246).
When he left his post in 1807, a suitable replacement wasn't found until
In 1813 Rabbi Chaim emigrated to the land of Israel and lived his last years
in the holy city of Tsfat. He passed away in 1817 on the third day of
Others may have stayed in Tchernovitz, but probably never forgot their
encounter with Rabbi Chaim -- even if they didn't always give a full
commitment right away.
Once, in a heart to heart talk with a simple peasant, Rabbi Chaim had given
it his best shot...
"All week you work with your animals, planting, plowing doing backbreaking
labor. But on the holy Shabbat you receive a second soul, a pure soul which
enables you to experience a complete rest from the mundane...On the holy
Shabbat, every Jew becomes a king, the son of the King of Kings."
Hearing Rabbi Chaim's straightforward but bejeweled words, the peasant
started crying and promised to start to keep the Sabbath, but begged to
receive exception to work during the plowing and harvesting season as times
were very difficult.
No, Rabbi Chaim told him firmly but caringly. And he explained. "The Shabbat
laws were given at Mara, (a place of bitter waters), to teach that even when
things seem so difficult and keeping Shabbos an impossibility, a Jew must
overcome the obstacles and keep it anyway.
"And when he does," assured Rabbi Chaim, "the Master of the Universe will
see to it that the bitter waters become sweet to him."
Crouching for the Cave Experience
To get to the burial cave of the "Be'er Mayim Chayim" the quickest route may
be from the bottom of the "new" cemetery and wind one's way up the hill
toward the ancient cemetery. Then again, if one starts at the top of the
hill, the path to Rabbi Chaim passes directly by perhaps the most famous
dweller of the lot, the holy Ari -- Rabbi Issac Luria.
To get to the starting point from the top of the mountain leading to the old
cemetery, take HaAri Street from Ascent to as far as the road goes (which is
right by the Ari Sephardic synagogue and leads to the Ari's mikveh). A
platform built in recent years to accompany the large volume of visitors,
leads directly to the Ari's kever. From the Ari, the same platform winds to
the left and a towering tree, which hovers above the grave of Rabbi Yosef
Karo, whose famous Code of Jewish Law, the Shulchan Aruch, is still studied
From the Beit Yosef, take six more steps down the platform and make a sharp
left, where a sign in Hebrew points to "the Be'er Mayim Chayim and Sidoro
Shel Shabbat -- Rabbi Chaim bar Shlomo." (Continuing just a few steps down
is the burial cave of illustrious Torah commentator, Rav Moshe Alshich).
If you're not too keen on reading the signs in Hebrew, don't worry. There is
almost always a knowledgeable visitor who passes through the ancient
cemetery all hours of the day and night.
The entrance to the cave is only small enough for a little child to enter,
making it necessary for one to bend down until passing several feet into the
cave. It's strikingly quiet in there, the only exception being an occasional
buzz of a fly or some birds singing outside. It's also pretty dark, except
for a foot-high glass jar filled with enough oil and a burning wick to
provide light for probably several months if not a year. But in the heat of
the day, the cool shade provided by the cave is most comforting.
Other than some books of Psalms and other holy works. . . there's not much
else that stands between the visitor and the souls of Rabbi Chaim and his
[Chana Katz, a former South FLorida journalist, lives in Tsfat. Her articles
on life in Israel have reached publications throughout the world.]
MP3 Lectures on his life and works can be purchased here
His Commentary on Torah can be ordered here
A Commentary on the Torah by a famous Chassidic rabbi, Rabbi Chaim of
Chernovitz (1760-1816). Many of his expositions are based on the kabbalistic
teachings of the Ari.
His commentary on Shabbat can be ordered online
A vast compendium about the external and internal meaning of matters
pertaining to shabbat. By the famous Chassidic leader, Rabbi Chaim of
Chernovitz (1760-1816). Many of his expositions are based on the kabbalistic
teachings of the Ari and other books of kabbalah.
Rabbi Chaim is sometimes referred to as the ''Ish Shabbat'' / ''Man of the
Sabbath.'' Chassidic legend records that he was a head taller on Shabbat
than during the rest of the week. Of his three classic works of chassidut,
the only one he published in his lifetime is this work about Shabbat. A
great book to read on shabbat !!!
R' Tal Moshe Zwecker
Director Machon Be'er Mayim Chaim Publishing
Chassidic Classics in the English Language
Phone: 972-2-992-1218 / Cell: 972-54-842-4725
VoIP: 516-320-6022 / eFax: 1-832-213-3135
join the mailing list here: http://groups.google.com/group/beermayimchaim
Author Page https://www.amazon.com/-/e/B003VH9D48
some people stumble upon the truth, sadly most people pick themselves up and
just keep on going
live the life you want, dont live the life that happens
ASK me about the monkey!
----- Original Message -----
From: "Edgar Hauster" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "Czernowitz Discussion Group" <email@example.com>
Cc: "Marla Raucher Osborn" <firstname.lastname@example.org>; "Yefim Kogan"
Sent: Tuesday, November 01, 2011 10:42 PM
Subject: [Cz-L] Hayyim ben Solomon of Czernowitz?
Let's try to demonstrate our collective memory! Yefim Kogan, the webmaster
of the new JewishGen Bessarabia Special Interest Group, online at
wrote to me: "Hayyim ben Solomon, of Czernowitz was also known as Hayyim ben
Solomon of Mogilev, Hayyim ben Solomon Tyrer and Hayyim Chernovitzer
(1760-1813). Rabbi and a cabalist, a Tzadik, and a pupil of reb Israel Ba'al
Shem. After he had been a rabbi in five different towns among which was
Mogilev, Chernovitz and Kishinev, he settled in Jerusalem where he died in
1813. [...] If there is a person in Mogilev-Pod. Cemetery with Chernovitzer
surname it should be a different person, because the Rabbi seems to me was
buried in Israel. What is also interesting about this Rabbi of 18-19 century
that I found references to his work not long time ago in a regular Chabad
siddur, published recently! I do not have any pictures... I have some of the
quotes from that siddur, I think I published it on Bessarabia SIG at some
So far Yefim Kogan's note. Do you have any additional information on Hayyim
ben Solomon of Czernowitz?
Warmest wishes to all of you from sunny Berlin!
P.S.: I'm going to attend - and to report on - Hedwig Brenner's reading
Lent - The Netherlands
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